R Club

Git basics

posted by: Mike Covington

Create a new repository, make several commits, and push to GitHub/Bitbucket

Creating a new git repository in SourceTree:

In SourceTree, Bring up the ‘New Repository’ window by typing ⌘+N or clicking the Add Repository button. There are three ways to add repositories with this window:

  • Clone Repository: Makes a copy of an existing git repository. The existing repo could be either local (elsewhere on your hard drive) or remote (e.g., on GitHub/Bitbucket).
  • Add Working Copy: Adds an existing local git repository to SourceTree.
  • Create Repository: Creates a new, empty local git repository.

Create Repository

Choose Create Repository and click the to the far right of ‘Destination Path’ to choose a location for your new git repository. By default, the bookmark name will be the name of the directory containing the git repository. Double click the new bookmark entry to open your new empty git repository.

A video demonstrating the full process:

Making a series of commits in SourceTree:

The simplest workflow for using git consists of three repeated steps:

  1. Edit content
  2. Add changes to git index (aka staging)
  3. Commit staged changes permanently to the git repository

A video demonstrating the creation of a series of commits:

Pushing a local git repository to GitHub/Bitbucket

Having your code accessible from a remote repository has several advantages, such as:

  • Helping you keep projects in sync across your home and work computers
  • Facilitating collaboration
  • Showcasing your work

To make your git repository available remotely, you can push a local repository to a remote destination.

A video demonstrating how to add and push to remote repositories:

Optional: Command line git

If you want to know how to interact with git at the command line, then check out these tutorials:

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